As the IEEE RFID 2009 approaches, this column examines the critical issues facing radio-frequency identification and how big the RFID market might be... Radiofrequency identification - Radio frequency - RFID - RFID standards - supply chains
Perhaps a more accurate title would be "Wither INTERCON" The boom year of the sixties left IEEE ill-prepared of cope with the harsher economics and changing attitudes of the seventies. this fact is manifest in the plan for INTERCON'74 and in the repo
The cellular bands are nearly filled, new spectrum is hard to come by, and modulation techniques already use existing spectrum about as efficiently as possible. What's left to do? A recent report of the U.S. President's Council of Advisors on Science
What are the functions and future of the engineering institution in Britain? In this article the author makes proposals for the future rather than criticising what has already been done, with an aim to stimulating discussion on the topic.
Due to their enormous popularity, social network platforms such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter are constantly viewed as stand-ins for public spaces. Although they have their own rules, there are ethical aspects that demand governance to guarantee
In a typical undergraduate course in EM field theory, electrostatics is inevitably followed by magnetostatics. Now in a rare instance of real life imitating the textbook, we have MAGNETOGRAPHY, a natural successor to the ubiquitous 'Xerox" machine! T
Reports research and development in the area of magnetic skyrmions.
The first Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS) was held in Boston on July 25 and 26, 1989. It was followed by an NSF-sponsored workshop on Future Directions in Electromagnetics Research. The worksho! included six panels, spanning t
Summary form only given. Social media has revolutionized how humans create and curate knowledge artifacts . It has increased individual engagement, broadened community participation and led to the formation of new social networks. This paradigm sh
Aspects of current models for HF atmospheric radio noise from thunderstorms and for interference are discussed briefly, limitations are mentioned and suggestions made for further studies to seek to eliminate these.
The essential aim of the conference on the use of the young professional engineer, held in London on the 9th October 1970 and organised by the Council of Engineering Institutions London Graduates & Students Joint Committee, was for 'young engineers'
Standardization efforts within ATE software have been aimed pri marily at the languages used to prepare test programs. In the future the diversity of computer con figurations available to ATE will increase tremendously. To take full advantage of this
Many undergraduate EM textbooks explain the operating principle of an electrostatic precipitator, which is a commercial device used to reduce pollution by removing objectionable particles from a gas. How about "electropollution"? Is it the consequenc
This paper discusses the mode of operation of certain partial height ferrite, Y-junction circulators. It is proposed that such devices operate in a turnstile fashion with modes propagating axially along the ferrite rod. A simple experiment on a 4-GHz
The paper commences with a broad examination of the likely role of nuclear power in relation to other sources of primary energy for electricity generation in the UK, and then briefly reviews the historical reasons for the choice of different types of
Is the current approach to enterprise architecture dogmatic and over-ambitious? Peter Kemp and Dr John McManus MBCS give their view.
[Editor's note: The ZIP code for the University of Connecticut has been changed to 06269. Please use this when sending your items about AP-S people, out-of-print books, journals, or equipment available or wanted, or other items of general interest to
As many AP-S inventors can readily testify, the transition from a laboratory prototype to a commercially viable product can be an agonizingly slow process. Leonard Taylor (University of Maryland) patented the microwave scalpel in 1979. The device int
Rajeev Bansal University of Connecticut 371 Fairfield Road Storrs, CT 06269-1157 USA Tel: +1 (860) 486-2878 Fax: +1 (860)486-2447 E-mail: [email protected]
Whither RFID? Keywords: RFID; RFID standards; supply chains [The] IEEE RFID 2009 conference will feature technical presentations on groundbreaking RFID technology advances, panel discussions on pressing technology and industry sector topics, plus sessions reporting preliminary results and research-in-progress.
he announcement  of IEEE RPID 2009 (April 27-28 at the Walt Disney World Swan and Dolphin Resort and Conference Center in Orlando, Florida), cosponsored by the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society, mentions nearly 200 submissions from more than 480 authors in 39 countries. The technical sessions will be complemented by the co-located RFID Journal LIVEI trade show. It certainly feels like an exciting time to be in the RFID (radio-frequency identification) field. But is everyone else as sanguine as the conference organizers about the future growth of RFID technology? Will the RFID market swell to over $8 billion, as some predicted  a few years ago? In a 2007 technology assessment labeled "Radio Silence" , the Economist sounded a cautionary note. The challenges to widescale deployment of RPID it pointed to were not new (see, for example, my December 2003 column ), but their resolution has been slower in coming. These critical issues include:
Business Model The cost of RFID tags has declined by 90% and the performance of readers has improved ten times since 2003 . However, the larger problem of retrofitting RPID units into existing systems is more stubborn, and is further complicated by the current flaccid state of the global economy. At a more fundamental level, while the benefits of enhanced supply-chain control and inventory management are easier to figure out for the likes ofWal-Mart, the suppliers, given their slim margins, do not have such an easy time justifying the investment in RFID systems. As we all know, unfunded mandates are seldom popular.
Privacy Attaching RFID tags to individual items, such as a designer shirt or a pair of jeans, has raised the hackles of privacy rights groups from the get go. For example, some years ago, the German retailer Metro abandoned the idea of an RFID-based customerloyalty card because of such concerns. So, as you visit the trade show at the IEEE RFID 2009 and see all the cool RPID tags, what message should you take home about the future prospects of the RPID technology? The field is certainly technically vibrant, many of the implementation issues have been worked out, but the market will grow at a more measured pace, and real action will be seen first in "closed-loop systems" for tracking goods within a company .
Global standards Business model
References 1. The Web site for IEEE RFID 2009 is located at http://www.ieeerfid.org/2009/.
2. "Radio Silence," The Economist (Technology Quarterly), June 9, 2007; summary available at http://www.economist.com/.
Since the multi-link supply chains (the so-called "open systems") for larger retailers like Wal-Mart span the globe, common standards for RFID tags and readers are a sine qua non for the success of RPID technology. By the end of 2004, a global "Gen2" standard for UHF RFID tags was ratified, but it did not happen fast enough, and has not solved all related problems. For example, there are differences in how UHF is interpreted in Japan, Europe, and the US .
3. R. Bansal, "Coming Soon to a Wal-Mart Near You," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, 45, 6, December 2003, pp. 105-106.
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 51, No.1, February 2009
4. "RFID Thought Leaders On the Current and Future State of RFID," September 2008, available on the Web site of SupplyChainDigest at http://www.scdigest.com/assets/newsviews/08-0915-l.pdf