Giuseppe Pelosi University of Florence Via C. Lombroso 6/17 1-50134 Florence, Italy Tel: 055-4796-759 Fax: 055-4796-767 E-mail: [email protected]@ieee.org
Introduction In this issue of the magazine, the Historical comer hosts a paper by Prof. Yilmaz, from Ankara University. The paper outlines some of the influences science had on the arts. In particular, it discusses how painting changed due to the vision theories formulated by the fathers of electromagnetism and, also, due to technological advances such as photography.
Influences of Electromagnetic Theory on Modern Art Asim Egemen Yilmaz Ankara University Department of Electronics Engineering 06100 Tandogan, Ankara, Turkey Tel: + 90 312 203 3500; Fax: + 90 312 212 5480; E-mail: [email protected];[email protected] Keywords: History; electromagnetic theory; art
he relationship of art, science, and even philosophy has been an area of interest for many researchers of various disciplines so far. This has yielded numerous books and articles. A detailed bibliographic work, listing many articles on this subject before 1985, was given by Topper and Holloway . As can be seen in these sources, each researcher handles the topic with different aspects. The opinion of the majority is that art and science are siblings. On the other hand, the opponents (e.g., Nietzsche and his followers) claim that these are contradictory cultures, and any similarities between them are coincidental [2, 3].
development has triggered a movement in art, and vice versa. Moreover, there have been some cases where the dominant philosophical thought of an era has synchronously led parallel/similar concepts in art and science. For example, the idea of "infinite universe" inspired Baroque painting (Absolutism and Subjective Realism) and music (Music of Thoroughbass) in art, along with analytic geometry in science, during the 17th century . Another example can be given from the early 20th century, where there was a tendency to construct a self-sufficient system with its own laws. In such an atmosphere, Wittgenstein' s philosophical thought and the Vienna Circle, Stein's poetry, Schonberg's 12-tone music, Formalist Criticism, and Cubism evolved in parallel at the same time .
Independently from their similarities and conflicts, the artscience relationship dates back to ancient times, and this relationship went to extremes during the High Renaissance. Since then, there have been many cases where a scientific or a technological
This article deals in particular with the influences of electromagnetic theory (and its findings) on modem art, especially in the second half of the 18th century.
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 51, No.1, February 2009